عنوان مقاله [English]
Marginalization of history is as old as the emergence of cities But the scientific definition of the phenomenon that we face today, was formed after the industrial revolution Due to the Industrial Revolution and industrialization of rural poverty and the demand for labor in the cities was. Now is the increasing marginalization in a way that today has become a problem for all major cities in the world. In this article, the challenges and problems that marginalization are created for cities as well as economic, social, educational and cultural marginalization are the cause has been studied in Mashhad. Methodology The field survey and initial data were obtained using a questionnaire and were analyzed. The results show that residents of outlying areas of Mashhad in terms of income and education levels are low and economic factors are the main reason for their residence areas.