عنوان مقاله [English]
Strengthening transportation and information systems has facilitated and increased migration . The study of its effects has also been considered by many researchers. Immigration in Iran can be examined from two aspects: incoming immigrants and outgoing immigrants. Special strategic position of Iran and the insecurities of neighboring countries caused the study of this phenomenon in terms of impact on security has become particularly important; so the purpose of this research is to provide a qualitative model to investigate the relationship between migration and the main components of security. National security was considered with four components of political and military security, social security, economic security and cultural security, and migration was analyzed at international, domestic and subjective levels. The research method was library which led to find effective variables and after analyzing led to develop the conceptual model that was drawn with VENSIM software. This study showed that international migration is mainly in the form of migration of specialized and capitalist people from the country and the entry of unemployed and poor people into the country. For immigrants entering the country, it is necessary to control the flow of immigration and appropriate laws and strategies in their implementation can reduce the harmful effects of these immigrants. The proposed model shows the negative effects of international and mental migration on the security of the country. Due to the upward trend of migration, it is necessary to pay attention to it as a priority. Intra-country migration has positive effects on the country's security in various aspects. The marginalization,must be controlled in order to reduce bad effects. The migration flows at the international and individual levels are intensified under the influence of media propaganda and soft war and need a soft and artistic confrontation and the desire to migrate should be controlled.